Every country in today's society has laws that are established in their country that they must follow. If people do not follow these rules, they meet the appropriate consequences for not following them. Some countries run similar and others run very differently. There are two major traditional laws that are civil and common laws. These are the two most common laws in the world. Civil is the most famous among the countries, especially in Europe and Asia. Common law is more natural among North America. Both of these were historically established many years ago. There are several differences between the two layers, but they also overlap with some similarities.
The concept of civil law derives from the Latin word ius civile, the law applicable to all Roman citizens. This was founded in the 16th century. Europe was the first to adopt this law, and almost all of Europe taught this at all its universities. Civil law is considered codified. Each civil-law country has its own codes to determine the various penalties for each of the categories of laws. Some examples of these codes are procedural, substantive and criminal. Procedural law determines which acts constitute a criminal act, establishes substantive law required for criminal or civil court prosecutions and criminal law decides on appropriate penalties. It is the judges' job to gather the facts of the case and to distinguish the correct codes that apply to the case.
The most important countries of civil law today are China, Japan, Germany, France and Spain. Each of these countries has a written constitution. A major difference between civil law and common law is that it is required for the country to always have a written constitution. On the other hand, ordinary teams are not always one. One issue that can be argued is that citizen's right is not as effective as it is divided into different codes and not just a whole. However, civil law laws that have multiple codes to include these issues contribute to a final decision.
Common law is the same but also very different from civil law. This law is unmodified, which means there are no compilations of laws and laws. These laws are also known as jurisprudence or precedent. An important difference between the two laws is that the common laws have been developed on the basis of results that have arisen in earlier legal cases. For example, when there is a case that the parties do not agree, they refer back to the precedent decisions of relevant courts and follow the reasoning of these courts. It is considered more complicated than many other simplified systems because there are several different courts within the system but not everyone has the same privileges. Certain courts that have more powers than others can cause problems within these rules because not everybody is equally important.
Common law was formed during the Middle Ages in Kings Court. It is in the United States today but origin is England. It is primarily in North America but is also spread among some other countries. It was adopted by the states after the American Revolution. There were many guidelines throughout the world during this time, but the common law took dominance during the eighteenth century.
In civil-law countries, judges are often described as "investigators". They generally take the lead in the procedure by raising fees, fixing the facts by testimony and applying remedies found in legal codes. On the other hand, lawyers in a common team make presentations to the judge (and sometimes the jury) and examine the witnesses themselves.
Most countries are based on some type of tradition from the past. These two laws, common and civil, were both established around the 16th century. They have designed how most countries make their legal decisions. The countries of South America, Europe and Asia follow the citizenship of the Roman century. Civil law is codified, which means that they have continuously updated storage codes that apply to all issues that may be raised in court. Countries in North America and others in Africa follow the common law founded at the end of the Middle Ages in England. Common law is mainly based on precedent decisions taken by judges and maintained by judicial registry. These laws are what forms country societies today.